Museum of Agriculture and History

Fertilizer_distributorFarming, especially cotton farming, was very hard work during the 1800s. Toward the end of that century, cotton was the main cash crop for the southeastern part of North Carolina, but all of the work was done by hand, with only mules for added power.  During this time, many forward thinking people across North Carolina were inventing machines to make farming easier. One such person was John Blue.

As a young man, John Blue was interested in making items in the family’s blacksmith shop. Being a cotton farmer, he was very interested in designing tools that would make cotton farming easier.  Many of the tools he made were crude, since he had no real training in the field. Nonetheless, it was there that John invented the first cotton-stalk cutter.

After buying land from his father in 1883, Blue continued to improve and develop items for use on the farm. He invented a cotton planter made of iron. He also invented a machine to spread fertilizer.

These tools and other farming inventions are on display at the Museum.  Come see these tools and hear how they served as forerunners to today’s farming equipment.